NLP stands for Neuro-Linguistic Programming, a name that encompasses the three most influential components involved in producing human experience: neurology, language and programming.
The neurological system regulates how our bodies function, language determines how we interface and communicate with other people and our programming determines the kinds of models of the world we create. Neuro-Linguistic Programming describes the fundamental dynamics between mind (neuro) and language (linguistic) and how their interplay affects our body and behavior (programming).
Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is an offshoot of Hypnotherapy and Psychotherapy and was developed by Dr. Bandler and Dr. Grinder after they studied three successful psychotherapists.
It looks at the way we think, use language, our behaviours and the way we do things in order to enhance our happiness and success.
While NLP includes many of the hypnotic language patterns and underlying presuppositions of hypnosis, it is itself a distinct field of study. The two fields are complimentary, working with both the conscious mind and the unconscious mind.